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Chinese Grammar

Chinese Grammar

  • Video version of a comprehensive Chinese grammar book 
  • Lots of pictures, cartoons and extremely simple and clear explanations
Chinese Word Order (中文词序)
Chinese Negation Words (中文否定词)
Forming a Yes/No Question (是非疑问句)
Chinese Content Questions -WH- Questions (特殊疑问句)
The "shì ... de" Structure ( "是...的" 句型)
Chinese Adjectives (中文形容词)
Complement of Degree (程度补语)
Complement of Result (结果补语)
Complement of Direction (趋向补语)
Intermediate Level - Complements and Their Extended Meanings (补语及其引申义)
Potential Complement (可能性补语)
The bǎ (把) structure
  • Learn the word order for basic and complex Chinese sentences
  • Learn the Chinese grammar Golden Rule (time, location and method)
  • Understand how to effectively use Chinglish to learn Chinese grammar
  • Learn how to arrange different time phrases in one sentence
  • Learn the word order for a Chinese address
  • Learn the word order for a full Chinese name
  • Learn to construct sentences using “there is/there are”
  • Learn to construct sentences with “it” in them
  • Make sentences like “There’s a cup on the table” and “It’s hot today”
  • Learn how to negate present actions and where to put the negation word
  • Learn the rule of tonal change for the negation word bù (不)
  • Make sentences like “I don’t eat breakfast” and “I am not busy”
  • Learn the difference between méi (没) and bù (不)
  • Learn the right scenario in which to use méi and where to put it in a sentence
  • Make sentences like “I don’t have money” and “I’ve never had Thai food before”
  • Learn the negations words to use when saying “don’t/stop doing something”
  • Vocab Review: “to talk, to tell, others, to move, to sleep, to laugh, to horse around”
  • Make sentences like “Don’t tell”, “Don’t move” and “Stop horsing around”
  • Learn how to turn a statement into a yes or no question with the word “ma”
  • Learn where to put the word “ma” in order to form a yes/no question
  • Make the sentence “Are you a student?” 
  • Turn a statement into a yes/no question using the “verb-not-verb” structure
  • Review vocab: “to love, to speak, tired, busy, water, to like, happy”
  • Make sentences like “Can you speak Chinese?” and “Do you like me?"
  • Learn some surprising things about the words “yes” and “no” in Chinese
  • Review vocab: “American, busy, to go, to understand”
  • Respond to questions like “Are you American?” and “Do you understand?”
  • Learn the pattern for forming sentences using words like “what, when and where”
  • Learn where in the sentence to put “what, when, where, why and how”
  • Use Chinglish to practice your Chinese grammar
  • Learn the words “who” and “whose” and how to use them in a sentence
  • Learn how to make things possessive in Chinese, the English equivalent of ‘s
  • Make sentences like “Who are you?”, “Who is that girl?” and “Whose kid is this?”
  • Learn how to ask questions using the word “what”
  • Review vocab: “to study, to want, to call, name, to do, job, to drive, car”
  • Say “What is this?”, “What’s your name?” and “What kind of car do you drive?”
  • Learn how to ask questions using the word “when”
  • Review vocabulary: “birthday, wake up, everyday, tomorrow, free time”
  • Make sentences like “When’s your birthday” and “When are you free tomorrow?
  • Learn how to ask questions regarding clock time
  • Review vocabulary: “o’clock, now, last night, to sleep”
  • Ask “What time is it now?” and “What time did you go to sleep last night?”
  • Learn to make sentences using the word “where”
  • Review vocab: “school, home, restroom, work, to want, to go”
  • Say “Where is he?”, “Where is the restroom?” and “Where do you want to go?”
  • Learn to express the word “how” in Chinese as in “how to do something”
  • Learn about the three different types of phrases that use the word “how”
  • Say “How do I say ___ in Chinese?, How do you know?, How come you’re here?”
  • Learn to express the word “how” in Chinese as in “how big/heavy”
  • Review vocab: “big, age, tall, heavy”
  • Make sentences like “How old are you?” and “How tall is he?”
  • Learn to express the word “how” in Chinese as in “how are you?”
  • Learn to ask “What do you think of him/me/my friend/this place?”
  • Make sentences like “How are you recently?” and “How’s the weather in Beijing?”
  • Learn the two different ways to express duration of time in Chinese
  • Learn to say “A long time ago”
  • Say “How long have you been here?” and “How long are you going to stay here?”
  • Learn to say “how much” and “how many” in Chinese
  • Review how to use the question word jǐ (几) to discuss quantities
  • Make sentences like “How much is it?” and “How many kids do you have?”
  • Learn how to use the word “or” in Chinese
  • Understand the different ways of saying “or” in statements and questions
  • Say “Do you want coffee or tea?” and “You can take the bus or the subway”
  • Learn about a special Chinese sentence structure with no English equivalent
  • Use this structure to discuss when, where, how and with whom regarding a past action
  • Make sentences like “Where did you guys meet?” and “We met on the internet”
  • Continue to review the unique shì (是) … de (的) sentence structure
  • Ask “With whom did you see the movie?” and “When did you go to Alaska?”
  • Answer questions about past actions: “I went last year & I went by plane”
  • Learn how Chinese adjectives are used differently than in English
  • Avoid a common English speakers mistake when expressing adjectives in Chinese
  • Make sentences like “You are beautiful”, “I’m not tired” and “I’m very good”
  • Learn the difference between expressing “She’s smart” and “She’s a smart girl”
  • Learn where to insert “de (的) when putting an adjective before a noun
  • Make phrases like “an interesting movie” and “a cute cat”
  • Learn the special Chinese sentence structure used to describe/comment on an action
  • Learn the Chinese word that converts adjectives into adverbs
  • Make sentences like “You speak well” and “You speak English well”
  • Learn more examples of describing or commenting on an action
  • Learn two ways to arrange a sentence when commenting on an action
  • Make sentences like “She drives slowly” and “I didn’t sleep well last night”
  • Expand the use of the “de (得)” structure to express “so….that”
  • Review vocab: “stomach, laugh, tired, to eat”
  • Say “He laughed so hard that his stomach hurt”
  • Learn the difference between verbs like “to look for” and verb-results like “to find”
  • Learn how to create a verb-result by adding dào (到) to the verb
  • Review vocab: “to look for, to find, to shop, to buy, to listen, to hear”
  • Learn two more complement of result words:  jiàn (见) and wán (完)
  • Review vocabulary “to see, to smell, to hear, to do, to eat”
  • Make sentences like “Are you done talking?” and “I finished reading this book”
  • Learn two more complement of result words: hǎo (好) and huì (会)
  • Express that an action has been properly finished and the desired result achieved
  • Make sentences like “Dinner is ready” and “Your computer is fixed”
  • Learn to construct a past tense sentence that contains a complement of result
  • Say “I am finished with my homework, I am full from eating & I didn’t find the keys”
  • Review all the complements of result you have learned so far
  • Learn how to form a negative sentence using complements of result
  • Review all the common complements of result and their differences
  • Make sentences like “I didn’t see you” and “I didn’t do my homework”
  • Describe actions moving towards/away from you: lái (来) to come & qù  (去) to go
  • Review directional words: “to move downward, to move upward”
  • Make the phrases “to come up, to come down, to go up, to go down”
  • Combine lái (来) to come & qù  (去) to go w/ verbs jìn (进) to enter & chū (出) to exit
  • Review Chinese word-forming logic
  • Make the phrases “to come in, to come out, to go in, to go out”
  • Combine lái(来)to come & qù(去)to go w/ verbs huí(会)to return and guò(过)to cross
  • Learn to say “Go back home and Come back home”
  • Make the phrases “to come back, to go back, to come over here, to go over there”
  • Attach verbs to complements of direction to make phrases like “run towards me”
  • Review all 12 complements of direction learned in previous lessons
  • Say “He walks away from me”, “She runs towards me” and “He drives towards me”
  • Learn where to put the object in a sentence with complement of direction
  • Use complement of direction without specifying direction of action in relation to you
  • Say “He runs upstairs (towards me), He walks out of the bookstore (away from me)”
  • Go beyond literal translation: learn extended meanings for complements of direction
  • Learn an extended meaning for shàng (上): “to acquire through hardship”
  • Say “I finally got accepted to college” and “When did you start liking her?”
  • Learn an extended meaning for xià (下)
  • Learn to express capacity of a certain amount: “This plane can hold 200 people”
  • Say “He left a deep impression on me” and “To tear off a piece of paper”
  • Learn extended meanings for shàng lái (上来) and shàng qù (上去)
  • Learn about how Confucian culture affects Chinese language
  • Say “To surround and move closer” and “Did you hand in your report”
  • Learn the 5 extended meanings of xià lái (下来)
  • Make sentences like “The contract has been signed” and “The bus has stopped”
  • Say “The audience quieted down, This is a treasure passed down from our ancestors”
  • Learn extended meanings for xià qù (下去)
  • Say “Please continue/please proceed” and “You need to hang in there”
  • Say “I don’t want to continue to fight with you, She is getting thinner and thinner”
  • Learn extended meanings for jìn qù (进去)
  • Say “She is so skinny that her cheeks sink in”
  • Learn the phrase “I’ve really taken your opinion to heart”
  • Learn extended meanings for chū (出) and chū lái (出来)
  • Say “She let her secret out” and “I can tell he’s dishonest at first sight”
  • Say “I hear that you are disappointed” and “The magician conjured up a rabbit”
  • Learn extended meanings for guò lái (过来)
  • Say “He walked over to me and shook my hand” and “He turned his head to me”
  • Say “This book is translated from French” and “He woke up from a coma”
  • Learn the extended meaning for guò qù (过去) as compared with guò lái (过来)
  • Say “I walked up to him and shook his hand, She turned her head away from me”
  • Say “I called, but no one answered” and “Thank you for calling”
  • Learn the complements of direction of “qǐ (起) & qǐ lái (起来)”
  • Make sentences like “Don’t always sit, get up and do some exercises” and “Stand up”
  • Make sentences like “The sun has risen” and “Lift your head”
  • Learn the extended meaning for qǐ (起)
  • Say “Speaking of reading books, I just finished Harry Potter”
  • Say “Whenever I think of him, I get angry” and “He asks about you often”
  • Learn the extended meaning for qǐ lái (起来)
  • Make sentences like “It’s getting cold” and “Recently she started getting fat”
  • Say “She suddenly got better from sickness” and “After dinner we started chatting”
  • Continue to learn the extended meaning for qǐ lái (起来)
  • Make sentences like “She looks healthy” and “It looks like it’s going to rain today”
  • Make sentences like “This sofa feels soft” and “It’s easier said than done”
  • Learn how to use a potential complement to say “can” and “cannot”
  • Make sentences like “I can’t fall asleep after I watch a scary movie”
  • Learn the phrases “I can’t speak French” and “You can’t sleep in her class”
  • Learn to differentiate between saying “can” and “cannot”
  • Make sentences like “I can’t find my keys” and “You can’t fall asleep while driving”
  • Make sentences like “I can’t ride a bike” and “You can’t give up now”
  • Continue to learn to differentiate between saying “can” and “cannot”
  • Say “I can’t finish eating” and “There’s too much food, I can’t finish it”
  • Say “There isn’t enough time, I can’t finish saying what I want to say”
  • Continue to learn the potential complement structure of “cannot”
  • Say “There are too many people, I cannot see”
  • Make phrases like “cannot see, cannot hear and cannot get it through buying”
  • Continue to learn the potential complement structure of “can” and “cannot”
  • Make sentences like “You can’t come in” and “You are not able to come in”
  • Make sentences like “You can’t come home” and “It’s too heavy, I can’t lift it”
  • Continue to learn the potential complement structure of “can” and “cannot”
  • Make sentences like “This table can’t seat 10 people” and “I can’t recall”
  • Make sentences like “I can’t tell” and “I can’t answer”
  • Learn the potential complement structures of “can”
  • Make sentences like “I can swim” and “He can’t understand”
  • Ask questions like “Are you able to finish it?”
  • Learn how to ask the question “Can you do something”
  • Make the sentence “Can you understand what you heard?”
  • Make the sentence “Can you get up at 7 tomorrow morning?”
  • Review everything we have learned about “can” and “cannot”
  • Ask questions like “Can you ride a bike?” and “Can I ride a bike in the store?”
  • Make sentences like “I can ride a bike” and “I cannot put it in”
  • Learn a new way of saying “cannot” using the special complement bù liǎo (不了)
  • Make the sentence “Today’s homework is too difficult, I cannot do it:
  • Make the sentences “I cannot forget him” and “I cannot help him”
  • Learn how to use bù liǎo (不了) to express “cannot finish something”
  • Make the sentence “I cannot eat this much food”
  • Say “I cannot drink this much beer” and “I cannot spend this much money”
  • Learn to use the special complement bù qǐ (不起)
  • Ask “Houses in Beijing are too expensive now. Can you afford to live there?”
  • Say “I cannot afford to eat out every day” and “He looks down upon me”
  • Learn the special complement “cannot make it on time” and some others
  • Ask questions like “Is he reliable?”
  • Say “If you leave now, you can still make it on time” 
  • Learn how to use the word bǎ (把) correctly in a sentence
  • Make sentences like “I ate your apple” and “Please open the door”
  • Make sentences like “I finished my homework” and “Let’s get married”
  • Continue to learn how to use the word bǎ (把) correctly in a sentence
  • Learn about the 1st mandatory bǎ (把) situation
  • Make sentences like “Put the computer on the desk” and “Hang this one on the wall”
  • Continue to learn the 1st mandatory bǎ (把) situation and some pointer words
  • Say “Put the computer on the desk” and “Hang this one on the wall”
  • Say “Throw this apple into the trashcan” and “Put the milk in the fridge”
  • Continue to learn the 1st mandatory bǎ (把) situation and some pointer words
  • Make the sentence “I just handed in my homework to the teacher”
  • Say “I returned the money to her” and “I’ll give the gift to her tomorrow”
  • Learn about the second mandatory “bǎ (把)” situation : treat A as B
  • Make sentences like “You always treat me like a child” and “treat A as B”
  • Make sentences like “Make yourself at home” and “I regard you as a good friend”
  • Learn about the third mandatory “bǎ (把)” situation : change A into B
  • Say “I want to change the garage into a gym, I want to convert US dollars to RMB”
  • Say “I want to exchange this sweater for a large one”
  • Learn when you cannot use “bǎ (把)”
  • Make sentences like "I ate an apple" and "I ate your apple."
  • Say "My friend gave me a gift." and "My friend gave me his own gift."